MR. DOM MINTOFF: PRIME MINISTER OF MALTA (1955
- 1958, 1971 - 1984)
The Hon. Dom Mintoff, B.Sc, B.E. & A., M.A.
(Oxon), A. & C.E., M.P., son of Lawrence and late Concetta
nee Farrugia, was born in Cospicua on August 6, 1916.
He attended the Government Elementary School
and the Seminary, from which he proceeded to the Lyceum and
the University of Malta. In 1937 he graduated B.Sc and two
years later, in 1939, B.E. & A. & C.E. Mr. Mintoff was
awarded a Government travelling Scholarship and Rhodes
Scholarship to Oxford in 1939 where he obtained his M.A. in
During the years 1941 - 43, Mr. Mintoff
worked as Civil Engineer in UK, and as architect in Malta from
1943 onwards. During 1936 - 37 he was General Secretary of the
Malta Labour Party. In 1945, he was elected member of the
Council of Government and Executive Council. Mr. Mintoff
formed part of labour delegations to UK in 1945, 1947, 1948
and 1949. He was elected in the General Elections in the
interests of the Malta Labour Party in 1947 and was Deputy
Prime Minister and Minister for Works and Reconstruction
during 1947-49. He resigned in 1949.
Mr. Mintoff has been leader of the Malta
Labour Party since 1949. He was Prime Minister during the
period 1955-58. He resigned office in 1958 to lead the Maltese
Liberation Movement. Mr. Mintoff was again elected in the
General Elections in 1962 and 1966. He served as Leader of the
Opposition during 1962-71.
Mr. Mintoff became Prime Minister for a
second term in June 1971 and yet again following the General
Elections in September, 1976 and in December, 1981. In
September 1983, he was assigned also the office of Minister of
Mr. Mintoff's primary aim has always been
that of securing peace and stability in Europe and the
Mediterranean. To this end, on assuming office in 1971, Mr.
Mintoff immediately asked for negotiations with the British
Government for the military base in Malta to be dismantled.
Final agreement was reached following hard negotiations
between September 1971 and March 1972 on a 7-year defence base
agreement with Britain and NATO on condition that this is in
no way used against Arab states.
Mr. Mintoff negotiated a treaty of
friendship and close economic cooperation with Prime Minister
Chou en Lai in China, April 1972; steered Malta in the
Non-Aligned Movement, 1973; Abolished British Monarchy and
founded a democratic Republic within the Commonwealth based on
work and respect for fundamental rights and freedom of the
individual, December 1974; he closed down the British base and
established Malta's new status of non-aligned neutrality on 31
Various nations have recognised Mr.
Mintoff's contribution in this respect. In 1971 he was awarded
the Order of the Republic by Libya and in 1973 Tunisia
decorated him with the Grand Cordon De l'Ordre de la
Republique. In 1976 he was awarded the doctorate 'Onoris Causa'
by the University of Political Studies, Ponterios of Greece,
and Morocco granted him the Order of the Gran Cordon of Oissam
Alaouite in 1978.
On 22nd December 1984, Mr.Mintoff
voluntarily left office to enable his successor to take over.
On 18th January 1985 he was appointed special advisor to the
new Prime Minister Dr. Carmelo Mifsud Bonnici.
Mr.Mintoff has contributed several articles
to scientific, literary and artistic publications.
He married the late Moyra de Vere Bentick.
They had two daughters, Ann and Joan.
Mr. Mintoff's pastimes are horse-riding,
swimming, water-skiing and 'Boċċi'.