• a cycle helmet which conforms to current regulations.
• the correct clothes for cycling. Do not wear clothes
which may become tangled in the chain, or wheel or may hide your lights.
• light-coloured or other clothing which helps road
users to see you in daylight and poor light.
• reflective clothing and/or accessories (belt, arm or
ankle bands) in the dark.
Help yourself to be seen
56. At night your cycle MUST have front
and rear lights lit. It MUST also be fitted with a red rear
reflector (and it is recommended that you use amber pedal reflectors)
Flashing lights and other reflectors may help you to be seen but MUST
NOT be used without your lights.
57. Use cycle paths when provided. They can make
your journey safer. Take care when passing pedestrians, especially
children, elderly or disabled people, and allow them plenty of room.
Always be prepared to slow down and stop if necessary.
58. These are marked by a white line (which may
be broken) along the carriageway. Stay in this lane wherever possible.
• cycle on the left side of the road unless using a
cycle lane that is clearly marked for 'two way' cycling.
• ride in single file on narrow or busy roads.
• be considerate of other road users, particularly blind
and partially sighted pedestrians. Let them know you are there by
ringing your bell for example.
• keep both hands on the handlebars except when
signalling or changing gear.
• keep both feet on the pedals.
• never ride close behind another vehicle.
• never carry anything which will affect your balance or
may get tangled up with your wheels or chain.
• look all around before moving away from the kerb,
turning or manoeuvring, to make sure it is safe to do so. Give a clear
signal to show other road users what you intend to do.
• look well ahead for obstructions in the road, such as
drains, pot-holes and parked vehicles so that you do not have to swerve
suddenly to avoid them. Leave plenty of room when passing parked
vehicles and watch out for doors being opened into your path.
• take extra care near road humps, and other traffic
60. You MUST NEVER
• carry a passenger unless your cycle has been built or
adapted to carry one.
• hold on to a moving vehicle or trailer.
• ride in an inconsiderate, careless or dangerous
• ride under the influence of drink or drugs.
• cycle on the sidewalk/pavement.
• leave your cycle where it would cause a hazard or
obstruct other road users or pedestrians, for example, lying on the
• Cross the stop line when the traffic lights are red.
61. These may be used by cyclists only if the
signs include a cycle symbol.
You MUST obey all
traffic signs and
traffic light signals.
On the left
62. When approaching a junction on the left,
watch out for vehicles turning in front of you, out of or into the side
road. Do not ride on the inside of vehicles signalling or slowing down
to turn left.
63. Pay particular attention to long vehicles
which need a lot of room to manoeuvre at corners. They may have to move
over to the right before turning left. Wait until they have completed
the manoeuvre because the rear wheels come very close to the kerb while
turning. Do not be tempted to ride in the space between them and the
Long vehicles need extra room
On the right
64. If you are turning right, check traffic
behind you, then signal and move to the centre of the road. Wait until
there is a safe gap in the oncoming traffic before completing the turn.
It may be safer to wait on the left until there is a safe gap or to
dismount and push your cycle across the road.
65. Remember vehicles on most dual carriageways
move more quickly than on single carriageways. When crossing wait for a
safe gap and cross each carriageway in turn.
66. Full details about the correct procedure at
roundabouts are contained in the section on 'Roundabouts'. Roundabouts
can be hazardous and should be approached with care.
67. You may feel safer either keeping to the left
on the roundabout or dismounting and walking your cycle round on the
pavement or verge. If you decide to keep to the left you should:
• be aware that drivers may not easily see you.
• take extra care when cycling across exits and you may
need to signal right to show you are not leaving the roundabout.
• watch out for vehicles crossing your path to leave or
join the roundabout.
68. Give plenty of room to long vehicles on the
roundabout as they need more space to manoeuvre. Do not ride in the
space they need to get round the roundabout. It may be safer to wait
until they have cleared the roundabout.
Crossing the road
69. Do not ride across a pelican or zebra
crossing. Dismount and wheel your cycle across.