Control traffic so as to avoid further accidents (ask
motorists and bystanders for help in this).
Move casualty only if there is immediate danger of
fire from spilled petrol (no smoking) or if danger from traffic cannot
be averted. Where the casualty must be moved, handle with great care,
particularly if broken bones are suspected or pain in the back is
Stop bleeding with dry dressings or clean
handkerchiefs and firm manual pressure; bandage firmly with
handkerchiefs or scarf.
Cover burns with dry dressings or clean handkerchiefs
and bandage with handkerchief or scarf. Get help immediately. Get
motorists and bystanders to summon ambulance, doctor, police. Keep
casualty lying down and warm. Use rugs or coats below as well as above.
Do not move casualty if it can be avoided until
skilled attention is available.
Do not give anything to drink - alcohol, tea or other
fluid. (Casualty may require anaesthetic at hospital).
BE PREPARED. Carry simple first aid materials in your car, and
learn first aid.